Margaret BEVAN
Name Variations BAVIN,1 BEAVEN, BIVEN, BEAVIN, BEDIN, BYRNES2
Step-father Michael HAYES b.c. 18153 m. 18414 d. bef. 1852
Father Charles BEVAN b.c. 18005 m. 18526 d. 18627
Mother Mary JONES b.c. 1818 m. (1) 1841 (2) 18528 d. 18879
Half-sister Mary HAYES b.c. 1841 m.c. 186210 Stephen BROWN d. 186911
Half-sister Ellen HAYES b. 184512 m. 186913 Walter BOURKE d. 188414
Inmate Margaret BEVAN b. 185215 m. 188016 (see below) d. 194017
Sister Ann BEVAN18 b.c. 185419 m. 188120 Edward DOWER d. 191821
Brother Charles J. BIVEN b. 185822 m. none - d. 186323
Husband Charles John MILES b.c. 185524 m. 188025 d. 190026
Description
Relationship Name Age Height Hair Eyes Complexion Build Distinguishing features
Father Charles27 28 5' 5¼" brown hazel ruddy flat nose; horizontal scar over left eyebrow; scar left corner of nose
Mother Mary28 40 5' 5" dark brown blue dark brown hair and complexion 1 child born[?]; thin features
Mother Mary29 19 5' 5" black dark brown dark large round head; large oval visage; high forehead; black eyebrows; long nose; medium width mouth; medium chin; slightly pockpitted
Sister Mary30 17 5' 4¼" dark brown blue

Margaret was fourteen when on 14 September 1867, as Margaret BAVIN, she appeared in court after being arrested in Clarence Street, Sydney. She was charged under the Act for the Relief of Destitute Children with habitually wandering about the streets and having no lawful occupation. Witnesses reported that Margaret was frequently seen in the streets in a dirty, neglected state, either visiting her mother at a public-house or bringing drink from a public-house. It was reported that Margaret had been a student at the Ragged School but had recently moved to a location near the female watch-house, Clarence Street, Sydney, to live with her sister, later identified as Mary, and her brother-in-law, Stephen BROWN. Her unnamed sister was described as an ex-prostitute and Stephen was a labourer. Prior to Margaret's arrest, the constables had seen her leading her mother from a public-house but it was reported that she had never been seen out after nine o'clock at night. Senior sergeant WATERS stated that some years ago Margaret’s mother kept a brothel and her sister was a prostitute. Charles MURPHY living in Clarence Street, stated that BROWN was a hardworking man but that his wife drank and he believed that she was an habitual drunkard. Margaret's chief occupation was to bring drink from the public-house for her sister. He never saw any prostitutes at BROWN's house. BROWN said that he was willing to keep and to educate Margaret but she was sent to Newcastle. The bench commented that:

… if the children of all the drunkards in Sydney were to be brought up under the Industrial Schools Act the Government would soon require more extensive accommodations.31

Margaret was admitted to the school on 17 September 1867, and was described in the Entrance Book as a Protestant with an education level of 'first book on slate.'32 She appeared on SELWYN's list of Protestant girls33 and her medical assessment by Dr HARRIS showed that she was a virgin.34 On the evening of 8 July 1868, it is almost entirely certain that Margaret was erroneously recorded in the Police Gazette as Margaret BYRNES, a member of a large group of girls who escaped from the school at about 6 o’clock.35 Margaret, in company with nine other girls,36 were all recaptured by the Newcastle police – some at Borehole and some at Waratah – before ten o’clock and returned to the school.37 Because there was never an admission made to Newcastle of a girl with the surname BYRNES, the identity of this Margaret was the best match based on the average age of the other escapees. No letters in the CSIL have yet been located to confirm whether this escape attempt actually did refer to Margaret. Some of these same girls were subsequently recorded as participating in another escape later in the year and that escape did include Margaret. That event occurred on 20 November 1868, a little over a year after her admission, when she absconded with six other girls. A further two girls made a separate escape shortly afterwards. KING named them in a letter to the Colonial Secretary on 21 November 1868,38 stating that all except one, WILDGUST, were returned by two constables at eleven o’clock that night – half an hour after they had escaped. The girls had:

… forced open the windows of No. 4 dormitory, they then climbed over the fence near Mr SCOTT’s residence … [they were recaptured] and placed in the cells.39

On 13 December 1869, Margaret was identified by the new superintendent Joseph CLARKE in his list of girls eligible for apprenticeship. He recorded that she had been in the school for two years and was sixteen.40 On 5 January 1870, CLARKE wrote requesting permission to apprentice Margaret to William GREENWAY [sic] Esq., of Newcastle as a domestic servant. She was to be paid five shillings a week for the first six months and six shillings a week for the last year.41 This apprenticeship did not eventuate as GREENAWAY opted not to take an apprentice42 so CLARKE requested permission to apprentice Margaret to Captain H. R. CROP, the manager of the Wallsend Coal Company under the same terms. This apprenticeship also didn’t eventuate43 for two reasons. Firstly, the Colonial Secretary took too long to reply to CLARKE's request to approve this apprenticeship so he chose to send Mary Ann DEVENEY for whom permission had already been received but more importantly, a more appropriate position for Margaret became available so CLARKE made a further request from Sydney to send her to C. J. SMITHERS C.P.S., of Maitland as a nursemaid under the same terms as had been arranged with GREENAWAY.44 On 21 February 1870, Margaret began this apprenticeship with SMITHERS. To CLARKE's likely frustration Margaret wasn’t 'comfortable in her place [so] she left [the apprenticeship] twice and came back to the institution.'45 In his report on 7 May 1870, CLARKE elaborated on the incidents explaining that Margaret:

… absconded from her place a second time and returned to this Institution she reported that her mistress’s temper was so bad that she could not stay with her. Mr SMITHERS brought the case before the Newcastle Bench and got the indentures cancelled and Margaret returned to the school.46

The newspaper report for this court appearance is yet to be located and may not be extant as Newcastle newspapers for this date have not all survived. On 16 February 1871, CLARKE requested permission to apprentice Margaret as a general servant for a year at seven shillings a week to Charles MACK of Murrurundi and this apprenticeship was approved.47 LUCAS on his April 1872 list indicated that there was a further apprenticeship made on 2 March[?] 1872[?], to C. MORSE[?] or THORNE[?], Esq., but no location was recorded in the record and the reference was very unclear.48 It is unknown whether Margaret completed her final apprenticeship which would have ended when she turned 18, which, according to the official records would have been in about 1871.

On 16 January 1880, at St Mary's Church of England, Balmain, as Margaret Pickenore BEVAN, Margaret married Charles John MILES.49 Both Margaret and Charles were recorded as being of full age. Charles was the son of Charles MILES and Elizabeth JUCKER. He was a moulder who had been born in England. Margaret was recorded as the daughter of Charles BEVAN and Mary CHRYSTAL. It is significant that Mary's given name on this record was Mary and not Esther. Margaret's place of birth was confirmed as Sydney. The witnesses were her half-sister, Ellen (X) BOURKE, and her husband Walter, who had married in Sydney in 1869. While the surname CHRYSTAL doesn't match what is known of Margaret's ancestry, there is no doubt that this was the girl who had been admitted to Newcastle. Ellen BOURKE née HAYES is the connection between the wife of both Michael HAYES and Charles BEVAN. At the end of October 1880, nine months after their marriage, Margaret MILES took Charles to court as he had abandoned her without maintenance.50 It is unknown whether the couple ever reconciled but no record of any children has yet been confirmed but in January 1883 a warrant for Charles was issued by the Water Police.

for offending against decency by exposing his person within view of College-street, Balmain, on the 29th October last, has been issued by the Water Police Bench, against Charles Miles. He is about 30 years of age, 5 feet 7 inches high, stout build, fair complexion, light brown hair and moustache, otherwise clean shaved; dressed in white moleskin trousers, black paget coat and vest, and black felt hat, a moulder. Supposed to be working at Newtown.51

Charles appeared in court in January 1884 charged with using indecent language.52 While he did spend two periods of time in Darlinghurst Gaol.53 It is almost certain that his father was the Charles MILES54 who died in Balmain in 1884 at the age of 55.55 Charles' death was registered in Waterloo in 1900 where his parents in the NSW BDM Index matched those stated at the time he married. His funeral left from his mother's house in Balmain and there many Funeral Notices submitted to the paper but none was placed by Margaret.56 Charles, Elizabeth with their two-year-old son Charles, had arrive in NSW as assisted immigrants aboard the Parsee in 1857. Charles had been born in Surry and his parents in Kent and Middlesex.

Margaret was still alive and using the surname MILES when she placed an In Memoriam for her sister, Ellen, in June 1891.57 She died at Newington State Hospital on 10 December 1940,58 and had formerly lived at 209 Devonshire Street, Sydney. Her parents were named on the registration as Charles BEVANS and Esther CHRYSTAL, therefore agreeing with the names of the parents identified at the time of the death of Ellen BOURKE in 1884. She and Charles MILES had had no children. No Funeral Notice or Family Notice has been located in the Sydney Morning Herald between 11 and 14 December 1940, inclusive and no notice is listed in the Ryerson Index.

Family

The Entrance Book identified only Margaret’s mother. She was the widow, Mary BEVAN, who worked as a charwoman in Sydney. Because Margaret's father was dead he wasn't named and this was typical of procedures of the superintendents. Margaret was a daughter of Charles (X) BEVAN a carpenter, and Mary (X) HAYES née JONES who had married in Sydney on 19 January 1852. The marriage took place in the St Andrew's Church of Scotland and the minister was Rev. John McGARVIE. Both participants were recorded as widowed. The witnesses were Richard (X) WENHAM and Ann (X) WENHAM.59 No appropriate baptisms in NSW have been identified for Margaret but based on the information on the birth record for Charles, it is considered almost certain that Margaret's baptism occurred in 1852 and was recorded under the name of Ellen BEAVAN. This baptism recorded that the daughter of Charles and Mary BEVAN had been born on 31 December 1852 and had been baptised on 6 January 1853, by A. H. STEPHEN in the church of St Lawrence, County Cumberland. Charles, was a carpenter of Castlereagh Street, Sydney. Because this was a Church of England record, the mother was only recorded as Mary.60 Although the given name of this child does not match the details of the Newcastle admission, this baptism has been attributed to Margaret because Industrial School records indicated that Margaret had been born in about 1852; her mother matched the industrial school admission and the birth registration for a brother identified that older sisters existed.

To verify Margaret's parents it is essential to identify her siblings and half-siblings. Only one baptism, the 1852 baptism outlined above and one birth registration were recorded on the NSW BDM Index for any children of Charles and Mary BEVAN. The 1858 birth registration for an unnamed male BEVAN whose father was Charles and whose mother was Mary, identified that this child, almost without any doubt was the child known as Charles who died at the age of about five in 1863.61 Charles had been born on 25 March 1858, at Steam Mill Street, Bathurst Street, Sydney. His father was Charles BEVAN and his mother was Mary JONES, late HAYES, who had been born in London, England, in about 1818.62 He had two older sisters who were both alive. These two older sisters were believed to be Margaret and Ann.

No baptism exists for Ann BEVAN and no trace of her can be found on the NSW BDM Index until she married Edward aka Edmond63 DOWER in 1881.64 Her descendants are uncertain of her age and identify a year of birth of between 1850 and 1858. Some trees have erroneously attributed to Ann BEVAN the parents Richard and Sarah but Funeral Notices confirm Ann's correct siblings. It is unknown if Ann was younger or older than Margaret but because she was having children regularly between 1875 and 1891, it is considered that she was more likely to have been younger. She was almost without doubt older than Charles. Her birth is more accurately located between late 1853 and 1856 as Margaret was baptised in December 1852 and Charles was born in March 1858. Because only one girl from this family was admitted to Newcastle and no mention was made of any siblings at the time of this admission, does cause concern regarding Ann's age. It may be that she was older than Margaret or perhaps not living in the same situation, possibly being cared for by an older half-sibling. It must also be considered that Ann was the child of Mary HAYES who was raised by her grandmother. The illegitimate birth of Annie HAYES to Mary A. HAYES in Sydney in 185965 might be a possibility although this girl would not have been recorded on Charles' birth registration in 1858. Ann BEVAN is connected to Ellen BOURKE in the In Memoriam notices placed when Ellen died. When Ann died in 1918 only her father Charles was recorded on the NSW BDM Index.

None of these siblings can be the sister named Mary mentioned during Margaret's 1867 trial66 although the existence of older half-siblings who share the mother Mary BEVAN formerly HAYES née JONES must be considered because Mary HAYES was a widow when she married Charles BEVAN. Identifying the two HAYES half-sisters is complicated and involved. By compiling and linking all the available details from the few accurate and few contradictory records, the family can be pieced together to establish the names and details of the older children. In May 1859 18-year-old Mary HAYES, together with her mother, Mary BEVIN, appeared in the Central Police Court charged with theft. Each woman was fined or was to be sent to prison for fourteen days.67 Both mother and daughter went to gaol and were recorded consecutively in the Darlinghurst Gaol admissions for 1859. Both stated that they had arrived free on the Louisa and the younger woman identified her place of birth as Hobart, Tasmania.68 Mary had been born in about 1841 but no record for a birth recorded as HAYES has been located in Tasmanian records. It is possible that she was illegitimate and her birth was registered under Mary's maiden name of her mother, but this possibility has not yet been investigated. Mary HAYES subsequently became the mother to an illegitimate son named Daniel,69 in Sydney in October 1861. This child died and the inquest confirmed that Mary HAYES had a mother who also had a young child.70 No further reference to Mary HAYES has been confirmed after January 186271 but from 1867 or possibly even earlier, she adopted the name Mary BROWN when she began an association with Stephen BROWN, the hard-working man who had offered to care for Margaret at the time of her arrest in 1867.72 Once Mary HAYES became Mary BROWN any gaol or court references to her become extremely difficult to find and only reports of drunkenness may exist as both Mary BEVAN formerly HAYES and Mary BROWN formerly HAYES were described as drunkards at the time of Margaret's court appearance. One year after Margaret's arrest a Mary BROWN was imprisoned in Darlinghurst Goal where she was described as a 28-year-old Catholic who had been born in Hobart Town and could read. The matching court appearance newspaper report enables an identification by matching the correct date in the corresponding Darlinghurst Gaol records. 'Mrs Mary BROWN' appeared before the Water Police Court on 17 September 1868,73 where she was sentenced to three days imprisonment for abusive language towards Mrs Sarah HEYWOOD.74 These descriptions of Mary HAYES and Mary BROWN from the records of Darlinghurst Gaol match.75

A year after this event and two years after Margaret had entered the Newcastle institution, Mary BROWN again appeared in the newspapers under quite different circumstances. A fatal incident involving her occurred in Sydney on 9 March 1869, and this incident resulted in her death. Mary, the wife of Stephen BROWN, was killed after a fight with Charlotte GORMAN. She received a fatal head injury and died on 15 March 1869. She was buried at Haslem's Creek but three days later, on 20 March, her body was exhumed and an inquest was begun.76 Stephen BROWN, an Italian, stated that he and Mary had shared a house with GORMAN at No. 5 Brougham Place. BROWN further stated that he and Mary had married at St Patrick’s, Sydney, 'seven years ago' and that Mary was a native of Tasmania.77 No marriage has been identified on the NSW BDM Index and although a search of the St Mary’s Archives during 1861/2/3 may possibly locate it, it can’t be certain that this stated marriage ever occurred. GORMAN was committed for trial and found not guilty. Significantly, at Mary's inquest, her mother, identified variously as Mary BEAVAN or BEAVIN, of Pitt Street, Sydney, gave evidence.78 Only one death of Mary BROWN, whose mother was Mary, was registered on the NSW BDM Index during 1869 and that registration identified that Mary’s father as Michael HAYES and her mother was the informant, Mary JONES, now BEVAN, of 5 Brougham Place, Sydney. Mary BROWN had arrived in NSW at about the age of seven and had died at the age of 28. She had been born in Hobart, Tasmania.79

Margaret's other half-sister was Ellen HAYES who was linked to her sister Mary, and her mother, recorded and imprisoned as Mary BABIN, in another court appearance in January 186280 involving a altercation with Ann SULLIVAN. A further incident with Ellen also involved the SULLIVAN family.81 Ellen may have been blind in one eye.82 In January 1863 Ellen was described as a girl who has almost from infancy 'been known to the police as [a] vagrant without home, and who [has] now attained about the age of 15, [was] charged with indecent conduct at the Market Wharf, by wilfully exposing their persons in an improper manner.'83 She had been one of a group of girls imprisoned for seven days84 for indecency which involved pulling up their skirts high enough to expose their legs.85 Ellen's last gaol admission as Ellen HAYES occurred in January 1864 where she spent a month imprisoned for vagrancy.86 Ellen's gaol records identified that she had been born in about 1847 in Sydney although this not possible as her mother stated that she had arrived in NSW in 1849.87 The baptism record for Ellen BEVAN attributed to Margaret BEVAN, cannot be the baptismal record for Ellen HAYES as she had been born before the 1852 marriage to Charles BEVAN; was born with and used the surname HAYES and had been born before the HAYES family arrived in NSW. Ellen HAYES, had to have been older than Margaret as she was aged about 13 in 1861.88 Tasmanian records identified one birth to Michael and Mary HAYES. This 1845 record was for a female child, who was unnamed in the register, and has been attributed to the girl named Ellen89 who appeared with her mother and sister in the Sydney courts and who was ultimately witness at Margaret's marriage. She married Walter BOURKE in Sydney in 1869.90 When she died as Ellen BOURKE in 1884,91 her parents were identified as Esther and Michael. In Memoriam notices confirmed the connection to Ann aka Jane, who had married Edward aka Edmond92 DOWER in 1881.93

No Funeral Notices identify any other children although it is not impossible that others exist. Margaret BEVAN, Ann BEVAN and Ellen HAYES are each associated with both Mary HAYES née JONES and Mary BROWN née HAYES through newspaper notices and reports. There is no doubt that these five children shared a mother.

The surname Esther CRYSTAL or CHRISTIE is a fabrication. It was an attempt, and because of the difficulty researchers, including this author have had, a very successful attempt, to disguise a past. Why it was done is unknown. Who initiated it is unknown. The change began around 1880 when Mary was named Mary CHRYSTAL on Margaret's marriage registration. By 1881 she was Esther CHRYSTAL when Ann BEVAN married and she remained Esther CHRYSTAL when Ellen died. By this time only these three sisters survived. Might they have disassociated themselves with their mother to become more respectable?

Mary BEVAN formerly HAYES née JONES stated on her Darlinghurst Gaol record in 1859 that she had been born in London in about 1818. It is considered almost certain that Mary would have found it difficult to lie about her place of birth as her accent would have identified an approximate country or even county of origin so she probably did not lie about this aspect of her life – if she had lied at all.94 Much of this background was confirmed on the birth record for her son Charles in 1858. A positive identification of Mary BEVAN formerly HAYES née JONES is not straightforward but she was the woman identified on the Arab (3) indent as Mary JONES (2). She had been transported to Hobart, VDL, on 25 April 1836.

There were four women named Mary JONES aboard. It is likely that all of these women requested permission to marry whilst they were convicts. Three were refused and one received approval. This approval was for the permission to marry Michael HAYES. This strongly suggested that this marriage was for the only unmarried Mary JONES on board. Comparisons of the descriptions between Mary JONES (2), the Arab (3) transportee, and Mary BEVAN who was admitted to Darlinghurst Gaol in 1859 show that the only mismatch is a difference in eye colour. The NSW gaol record identified the eye descriptor as blue rather than brown eyes but every other indicator pointed to this being the same woman. Because inconsistencies have been found in the NSW gaol descriptions in other cases when there is no doubt that the same person was being described and because Darlinghurst Gaol was a very busy institution processing many inmates and because the other descriptors and Mary's birth location agree, it is believed that Mary's eye colour was recorded erroneously in the Darlinghurst Gaol records. Mary was almost without any doubt the Arab (3) transportee Mary JONES (2) who had been born in London in about 1817. Her Tasmanian description read:

Single. She had been tried in St James, London, was born in about 1817, had dark brown eyes and was 5' 5" tall.

Convict descriptions and permission to marry records for the three other woman named Mary JONES on the Arab (3) have been retained here for the sake of comparison only.

  1. Mary JONES (1), who was married before her arrival, had been tried in Essex and was was born in about 1808. She had blue eyes and was under five feet in height. [This woman was far too old and too short to be Margaret's mother even though her birth location is approximately correct.]
  2. Mary JONES (3) was married before her arrival, was tried in Radnor in about 1810, had blue eyes and was about 5' 5" tall. [While this woman received a ticket of leave on 24 March 1841, which matched well with the date of the permission to marry, and she further received a certificate of freedom in 1842, she was too old, was tried a very long way from London and no record has yet been located that identified her as having been born in London. A Welsh accent would have made it difficult to lie about a birth location on gaol records.]
  3. Mary JONES (4) was married before her arrival, was tried in Liverpool, was born in about 1817, had light hazel eyes and was just over five feet in height. [This woman's description was not a good match for the Darlinghurst description of Mary BEVAN even though she was born at about the same time. Liverpool is quite a long was from London. A Liverpudlian accent would have made it difficult to lie on gaol records.]

The other permissions to marry cannot be attributed to any particular convict as a marriage did not occur. Conduct reports that remain for the four women named Mary JONES on the Arab (3) provide no record of any Tasmanian marriages or children to any of these women.

  1. Mary JONES and Charles Stewart WARD requested permission to marry in November 1841 but both requests were rejected.95
  2. Mary JONES and John YOUNG per the William Miles requested permission on 1 June 1840. This actual record has not been located.96
  3. Mary JONES and John BAKER per the Larkins requested permission to marry on 1 September 1838, but this was also not approved.97

Mary JONES had been tried for larceny with Mary Ann DEMPSEY at the Middlesex Sessions on 21 September 1835,98 and had been transported for seven years to VDL. She had received her Ticket of Leave on 24 March 1841, and had received a certificate of freedom in 1842. Her Tasmanian conduct record identified some instances of disobedience and subsequent punishment.99

On 26 March 1841, Michael (X) HAYES or HAYS and Mary (X) JONES received permission to marry in VDL.100 Michael HAYES had been transported to Tasmania aboard the Elphinstone and Mary had been transported aboard the Arab. They were married in the Catholic Chapel in Hobart by John Joseph THERRY on 9 May 1841.101 Unfortunately there were no ages recorded on the marriage record and both parties were recorded as of full age. A baptism for an unnamed daughter was made in 1845 in Tasmania. Sometime during 1849 Mary and her daughters Mary and Ellen, left Tasmania for NSW aboard the Louisa.102 No trace of Michael HAYES has yet been confirmed but it is considered likely that he died in NSW. In 1852 Mary then married the carpenter Charles BEVAN in Sydney103 and the couple had three more children. No trace of Mary has been confirmed through the NSW BDM Index or in Trove after the 1869 death of her daughter, Mary BROWN née HAYES. It must be considered that it was after this event that she adopted or was given the name, Esther. If this name change was self-initiated it is unknown whether her daughters were even aware of her location. Only an actual death registration and possibly the informant will assist in identifying the death of Mary BEVAN formerly HAYES née JONES possibly alias Esther CHRISTIE if it can be located. Currently the death of Mary BEVAN in Newington in 1887 at the age of 69 has been tentatively attributed to her but this record has not been viewed.

Note that Mary BEVAN shared a name with another woman who was approximately the same age and who also appeared in the Sydney courts on a regular basis for drunkenness from about March 1856 when she received three months imprisonment in gaol for a violent assault.104 Neither woman has been found in the Sydney courts earlier than 1856. Distinguishing between the two women can only be made through the gaol records and by using the description of Margaret's mother that appeared in the Darlinghurst Gaol records in 1859 with her daughter, Mary HAYES.105 Based on this description, it is unproven but considered very unlikely that Mary BEVAN was the woman who had appeared before the bench twenty-seven times during the last two years106 and she was definitely not the woman born in Roscommon, Ireland, who had arrived on the William Jardine or William Jordan in 1841 because different accents would have existed between the two women. Further, the women had different religions and wide differences in height between the two women are documented.

Margaret's father was the widowed carpenter, Charles BEVAN.107 He had been born in Liverpool, England, in about 1803108 and had been transported at the age of twenty-eight for seven years aboard the Adrian in 1830. The indent identified that he was a carpenter and joiner.109 As Charles BEAVAN his death was registered died on 7 May 1862,110 at the age of sixty-two. An inquest was held.111 His burial record112 documented that he had been in the infirmary at the time of his death and was buried on 9 May at the age of 63. While Charles had described himself as a widower when he married Mary, no evidence of any earlier marriage has been confirmed. He was transported as a single man. It is unknown whether a second transportation occurred and whether the man on the Adrian matched the man who had also arrived on the Shipley. The earlier marriage of Charles BEVAN may have occurred in 1837 when he married Martha PRICKHARD. Permission to marry for this couple was almost certainly granted under the names Martha PICKHARD and Charles NELSON on 16 January 1837. Four months later, on 15 May 1837, which is much longer than the normal time period after permission had been granted, Charles BEVAN, a carpenter, was married to Martha (X) PRICKHARD, a widow, at St Phillip's, Sydney, by William COWPER. Martha PICKHARD was 25 and had been transported for seven years on the George Hibbert. Charles was identified in the Permissions to Marry as the man transported for Life aboard the Shipley in 1817. He was recorded as 39 years of age. No record to the death of Martha or the births of any children have been located. The witnesses were George (X) BELL and Sarah (X) REED.113 The couple applied twice for this permission - once to Richard TAYLOR and again to William COWPER. The man performing the ceremony was William COWPER. It is uncertain whether the identity of NELSON should be attributed to Margaret's father, Charles BEVAN, but the similarities between the two men are compelling. Charles NELSON per the Shipley received a conditional pardon in 1845. It is possible that there are Funeral Notices because of this earlier marriage but none have been located.

Online trees are inconsistent in identifying the ancestry of the women identified in this biography as the siblings and half-siblings of Margaret BEVAN. These trees variously identify the parents of Ellen as Michael HAYES and Esther,114 a completely understandable error, and the parents of Ann aka Jane often recorded as Richard BEVAN and Sarah Jane COOPER. This is understandable as there is a birth registration for a child to this couple at approximately the correct time. Other researchers have been more cautious and have not attempted to attribute parents. It must be considered that the chance of there being two families named BEVAN with a child named Margaret and a father named Charles with either a sister or step-sister named Ellen HAYES at this time in Sydney, is too remote for it to refer to a second family. It would be interesting to discuss the ancestry outlined here with descendants of either Ann DOWER née BEVAN or Ellen BOURKE née HAYES as not all the NSW BDM Index registrations identified here have been viewed by the author.

Updated July 2019

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