Father Joseph LUCK b.c. 1826 m. (1) 18531 (2) 1859 d. 18862
Mother Elizabeth HAWKINS b. m. 1853 d. 18583
Step-mother Eliza Ann GRANT b. m. 18594 d. 19185
Half-sister Louisa LUCK aka HAWKINS6 b. 18497 m. 18738 Henry SMITH d. 18919
Sister Elizabeth LUCK b.c. 1852 m. none - d. 185410
Inmate Emma LUCK b. 185511 m. 1877 (see below) d. 189012
Half-sister Rebecca Sarah LUCK b. 186013 m. 188014 George BURNS d. 194315
Half-brother Joseph Henry16 LUCK b. 186117 m. none - d. 187618
Half-brother James W. LUCK b. 186319 m. d. 194120
Half-sister Eliza Ann LUCK b. 186521 m. 188322 James NEALE d.
Half-brother William R. LUCK b. 186723 m. 188724 Gertrude BYRNES d. 191325
Half-sister Bertha Jane LUCK b. 186826 m. 188627 Thomas HONDER d.
Half-brother Arthur J. LUCK b. 187028 m. none - d. 187129
Half-sister Alice M. LUCK b. 187230 m. none - d. 187531
Half-sister Ida Bell LUCK b. 187732 m. 189633 Charles E. JACKSON34 d. 193435
Half-brother Robert Ernest36 LUCK b. 188137 m. none - d. 189738
Husband Edward Thomas NORMAN b. 185639 m. 187740 d. 189041

Emma was first documented in official records when she was admitted to Darlinghurst Gaol for three days on 4 September 1869, a fortnight before her arrest under the Industrial Schools Act. She had been admitted for vagrancy and appeared in the Water Police Court on 7 September where she was discharged.42 The gaol records described her as a fifteen-year-old who stated that she had been born in England and had arrived on the La Hogue in 1860.43 Why she selected the ship La Hogue is unknown. On 22 September 1869, Emma was recorded as fourteen in the newspapers when she was brought before the court by constable EATON, on warrant,44 charged with being under the age of sixteen and being in the habit of wandering about the streets in the company of common prostitutes. At her later appearance her father stated that she was a very bad girl who often slept away from home and he was unable to control her. Emma admitted that her step-mother was kind to her. She was sent to Newcastle and her father agreed to pay five shillings a week towards her support.45 Emma was admitted to the school on 26 September 1869, and was recorded as a Protestant who was fifteen years old.46 The family page from the Entrance Book is the first page of the missing section of the register so there is no information concerning Emma's religion, discharge or any confirmation of her parents' names from this source.

Emma transferred with the school to Biloela in May 1871 and was listed by LUCAS as eligible for service in his letter to the Colonial Secretary on 23 June 1871.47 On 16 June, weeks after the transfer, Emma's father wrote to the Colonial Secretary requesting the Emma be returned to him.48

I Joseph Luck having a Daughter in the Industrial Scool name Emma Luck Whould Like to get her home as I have a friend that will Take her that will Look Properly after her To if you Will Do me the favour of granting her Release your Petitioner as in Duty Bound will Ever Pray
Joseph Luck
N.38 Crown Road
Millers Point

LUCAS confirmed that Emma was seventeen and had been in the school for two years and recommended her discharge 'believing it would be to the girls advantage.' The Colonial Secretary referred to an earlier report written by LUCAS on 27 instant49 where he had referred to Emma's misconduct and questioned whether he still recommended her release. On 5 July LUCAS responded that Emma had not been one of the ringleaders and since the incident Emma's 'conduct since [had] been such as to induce me still to recommend her discharge to her parents.' The Principal Under-secretary noted on the letter that:

I am given to understand that the girl's father and mother-in-law are persons of good character and it is their intention to send the girl to reside with Mrs Luck's mother at North Shore where she will have no opportunity of renewing bad associations.

Emma release was approved on 17 July 1871.50 LUCAS's list in April 1872 and his report on 7 August 1871, confirmed that she was discharged into the care of her parents on 2 August 1871.51 On 16 October 1874, at the age of about twenty, Emma was admitted to the Benevolent Asylum and was discharged about three weeks later on 3 November. There is no evidence that this was for a pregnancy as no child was registered but this possibility must be considered. The records of the Benevolent Asylum may provide further details.

Emma married Edward Thomas NORMAN of Windsor, on 2 April 1877.52 Edward may be the man appearing in the Sydney courts during the 1870s but this is unconfirmed. On 4 December 1885, as Emma NORMAN, Emma placed an In Memoriam notice for her half-brother, Joseph.53 Mr. E. NORMAN placed a Family Notice when Joseph LUCK died in 1886.54 Emma can be found in Sydney at the end of October 1888 when she placed an In Memoriam notice for her mother-in-law, Mary Ann NORMAN.55 Less than two years later Emma NORMAN was in Queensland where the death of her husband, Edward Thomas NORMAN, occurred on 23 February 1890.56 His parents were recorded on the Queensland BDM Index and his birth and death were confirmed in online trees.57 Emma's death, also at the age of thirty-three, occurred on 19 September 1890.58 The Queensland BDM Index recorded her age at death, her maiden name and also confirmed that she had been born in NSW. When her older sister, Louisa, died in 1891, Emma was not mentioned in the Funeral Notice59 supporting her earlier death. No Funeral Notice has yet been located in either Queensland or NSW papers for Emma.

The identity of the sisters Emma NORMAN and Tilly NORMAN who left Brisbane for Sydney in May 1890 aboard the Glanworth60 has not been ascertained. Emma had been born in about 1873. These two women were working as barmaids in Sydney in April 1891.61 Emma possibly went on the marry James CROZIER in 189662 and may have died in 1961.63


Emma’s parents were Joseph LUCK and Elizabeth HAWKINS who had married in London, England, in 1853 and who had arrived on the Calphurnia with their daughters, Louisa and Elizabeth.64 Louisa, who was Elizabeth's natural daughter and so was Emma's half-sister, was baptised in Sydney. Her sister, Elizabeth, died in Sydney the following year. Emma was Joseph and Elizabeth's only remaining child and was born in Sydney on 12 March 1855, and baptised on 15 April 1855, by F. ARMITAGE, in the St James Parish, Sydney. Joseph was recorded as a carpenter of Essex Street, Sydney, at the time of Emma's baptism.65

Emma's mother, Elizabeth, died in 1858 and Joseph remarried Eliza Ann GRANT the following year. The couple went on to have a large family. Eliza was the step-mother who Emma stated in court treated her kindly.66 Joseph died in Sydney in 1886. At the time of his death he was described as a marine diver.67 A detailed chronology of Joseph and Elizabeth may be found on the comprehensive site compiled by their descendant.68

Updated March 2018

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