Name Variations MULLHOLLAND
Father James MULHOLLAND b.c. 18281 m. 18482 d. 18793
Mother Margaret RILEY or REILEY b.c. 18274 m. 1848 d. 19095
Sister Jane MULHOLLAND b. 18506 m. James THOMAS d. 19327
Brother John MULHOLLAND b. 18518 m. d. 19259
Brother James MULHOLLAND b. 185310 m. none - d. 186011
Inmate Margaret MULHOLLAND b.c. 1855 m. 1875 (see below) d. 192312
Brother George MULHOLLAND b. m. d. 190713
Brother Robert J. MULHOLLAND b.c. 1858 m. 191014 May B. KERLE d. 191515
Sister Sophia MULHOLLAND b.c.1860 m. none - d. 186016
Brother Edward J. MULHOLLAND b. 186117 m. 188118 Jessie STEVENS d. 189119
Sister Catherine MULHOLLAND b. 186320 m. none - d. 187521
Husband Frederick William RUSSELL b. 185022 m. 187523 d. 189824
Son Thomas Freeth RUSSELL b. 187525 m. none - d. 187626
Relationship Name Age Height Hair Eyes Complexion Build Distinguishing features
Father James27 27 5' 5" dark brown brown fresh stout
Brother John28 51 5' 6" turning grey blue white mark across bridge of nose; some of front teeth out; anchor tattooed on R. arm

Although the court reports in the papers report that Margaret was ten, the Entrance Book records her age as twelve when she was arrested for vagrancy by sub-inspector HARRISON in Newcastle with her cousin, Margaret CAMDEN, about 28 August 1867.29 It is unknown why the girls were in Newcastle as, at this time, both their families lived in Sydney. The cousins were admitted to the school in the first intake of girls on 31 August 1867. The Entrance Book records that Margaret was able to read the first book and write on slate and was a Protestant30 and this religion is confirmed as she appears on Canon SELWYN's list.31 Margaret’s medical assessment by Dr HARRIS showed that she was a virgin.32 On 19 July 1870, Margaret was apprenticed to Mr F. HARVEY, the Port Master at Hexham on the Hunter River, for three years. Her pay was to be three shillings a week for the first year and five shillings a week for the last two years.33 This apprenticeship was confirmed in the April 1872 list compiled by LUCAS.34

It is likely that Margaret didn’t remain for the full period of her indenture with HARVEY as some time between July 1870 and 1875, she returned to Sydney where she appeared in court on at least two occasions. She was the sixteen year old girl, who in 1872 was charged with offending against decency in Hyde Park and imprisoned for seven days as,35 while Darlinghurst gaol records for 1872 record that she was fourteen, they confirm that she was born in Sydney.36 In 1874, at the reported age of eighteen, Margaret witnessed the murder of Mrs. Mary COY nee RILEY37 and shortly afterwards was so seriously burned she was not expected to survive.

A young woman, aged 18, named Margaret Mulholland, living with a Mrs Stewart, in Sussex-court, Sussex street, south, at about 9 o'clock this morning, thoughtlessly sat on or near the hob of a fire place, in which were some smouldering wood ashes. In a few minutes, her dress caught fire, and being without the presence of mind necessary in such cases, she rushed out of the house and into a neighbour's dwelling, occupied by a Mrs Roley, who, when she saw the burning state of the almost frantic girl," immediately threw a bucket of water over her, and, with the assistance of a drayman who was passing in the street at the time, cut as much of the poor girl's clothes off as they could, and then carried her into her own house, and covered the burnt parts with soap and whiting. The police being communicated with, constable Butler at once conveyed the sufferer in a cab to the Infirmary, where it was found that she had received serious injuries to the whole of the lower part of the body, and now lies in a very critical state. The above unfortunate sufferer is the girl that was lately witness in the case of a woman named Mary Coy, who was beaten to death in the same court in Sussex Street, by a woman named Julia Mahoney, a short time since.38

Court and gaol appearances for Margaret cease after 1875 when she is known to have married. The funeral notice for her mother in 1909 confirms her marriage to Frederick William RUSSELL, a widower, on 5 April 1875, in St Luke’s, Scone. This location suggests that the friendship with her cousin, Margaret CAMDEN, was maintained as Scone was where Margaret CAMDEN settled. Frederick was a witness at the marriage of Margaret CAMDEN but was at this time married to his first wife, Annie KNOX, another industrial school girl. Only one birth has been found for Frederick and Margaret RUSSELL and this child died as an infant. Frederick died on 22 February 1898.39 Margaret was recorded as M. RUSSELL, the aunt of Alice CHILD, in an In Memoriam notice in 1910.40 Margaret’s death was registered in Sydney in 1923. Her funeral left from her residence 127 Pyrmont Street, Pyrmont. By this date she and her sister, Jane, were living at the same address.41 Margaret was buried in the Church of England Cemetery, Rookwood.42 No record of her burial location has yet been found on the Rookwood Cemetery Inscriptions CD.


Margaret was the daughter of James MULHOLLAND and Margaret (X) RILEY who were married in Scot’s Church, Pitt Street, Sydney, on 17 April 1848, by James FULLERTON. The witnesses were John CAMDEN43 and Benjamin JACKSON. All the wedding party was from Sydney and Margaret was the only member who didn’t sign the record. Some baptism or birth records exist for the couple but many children are unrecorded. Margaret was born in Sydney in about 1855 and her baptism has not been found. James and Margaret occasionally appear in court as a couple,44 some instances of assault against Margaret by James45 or singly46 although James is unlikely to be the seaman, who appeared in the WPC on 7 November 1855, and sued the father of Catherine HARDING for wages as he is consistently shown as a quarryman in gaol records.

Margaret’s mother is named in the Entrance Book and confirmed by KING in her list47. She was recorded as a washer woman in Sydney but she also sold vegetables. Margaret REILEY had arrived aboard the Elizabeth.48 Margaret MULHOLLAND senior, died in 1909 where her parents, Edward and Jane, confirm those stated on the Elizabeth indent. Her eldest daughter, Jane, is referred to as Mrs. Jane TAYLOR in an In Memoriam for her niece Alice CHILD in 1910,49 as Mrs. Jane MULHOLLAND in the death notice of her mother in May 190950 and as Mrs. James THOMAS when Margaret, her sister, died in 1923.

Margaret's father was recorded as an inmate of Tarban Creek Asylum so was not named in the record. When his daughter, Jane, was baptised in 1850, James was recorded as a labourer living in Elizabeth Street, Sydney.51 James appeared in court on 14 July 1864, charged with assaulting his wife. He was to be fined or imprisoned for seven days. Darlinghurst Gaol entrance book records that he was a quarryman who was born in Ireland and who had also arrived on the Elizabeth in 1845.52 The Elizabeth indent shows that he had arrived with his brother, Robert, and sister, Sarah. Their parents were recorded as John and Catherine and their second cousin, Arthur WEIR, was their relation in the colony. The indent shows that James could read but gaol records record that he could neither read nor write. Family Notices placed by his sons, Edward and Robert, show that James was buried on 5 December 1878, at the age of fifty-one.

Note: The Margaret MULHOLLAND who attempted to commit suicide about 26 October 1871,53 is unlikely to be either the woman sent to Newcastle or her mother, as descendants of the family arriving on the Ocean Empress confirm that this is their ancestor. The Margaret MULHOLLAND who was sentenced to six months in prison for stealing six pictures in August 1873 is also unconnected to the Newcastle family.54

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