Name Variations SPAULDING
Father Samuel SPALDING b.c. 1818 m. 18491 d. 18792
Mother Mary Ann FINNEGAN b. 18333 m. 1849 d. 18664
Brother Samuel SPAULDING b. 18515 m. 18836 Elizabeth Emma NICHOLS d. 18987
Brother Henry SPAULDING b.c. 1855 m. none - d. 18638
Inmate Mary Maria SPAULDING b. 18589 m. 187610 (see below) d. 192211
Brother Owen Horatio N. SPALDING b. 186012 m. none - d. 188013
Brother Edgar Albert SPALDING b. 186014 m. 191115 Elizabeth E. SPALDING nee NICHOLS d. 192316
Brother George Henry Alfred SPAULDING b. 186417 m. d.
Brother John H. SPAULDING b. 186618 m. none - d. 188719
Husband John BAILEY b. m. 1876 d. bef.1917
Daughter Ellen BAILEY b. 187720 m. d. bef. 1922
Daughter Mary Ann BAILEY b. 187921 m. abt.190222 Sydney THORN or THORNE23 d. 195224
Daughter Emily Alice BAILEY b. 188425 m. 190426 Francis N. PUFFETT d. 197627
Son David BAILEY b. 188528 m. d. aft.1922
Son John Hope BAILEY b. 188729 m. none - d. 191630
Daughter Amy BAILEY b. 188931 m. none - d. 189232
Son Edgar Albert BAILEY b. 189433 m. none - d. 191634
Daughter Alma BAILEY b. m. 191335 James T. S. ROLT d. 195836
Daughter Laura BAILEY b. m. 191437 Walter J. HANCOCK d. 196738
Son Phillip BAILEY b. m. bef.192239 d. aft. 1922
Relationship Name Age Height Hair Eyes Complexion Build Distinguishing features
Father Samuel40 21 5' 6½" brown chestnut dark ruddy and freckled nose inclined a little to the right side; man in shackles, double heart pierced with darts, flower-pot, rose, thistle and shamrock and twenty-two dots inside lower right arm; C*MSS, mermaid and spear inside lower left arm; scar on back of thumb, fore and middle fingers of left hand, scar on knuckle of little finger of same
Inmate Mary Maria41 18 5' 3½" light brown brown fresh medium nose short, mouth and chin medium

Mary Maria and her brothers were admitted to the industrial schools on NSW. Mary, Edgar, Owen and George SPALDING had been tried at the Police Court, Grenfell, on 24 November 1868.42 On 27 November 1868, the four children were admitted to Bathurst gaol after their trial at Grenfell prior to their being transferred to the industrial schools – the boys to the Vernon and Mary to Newcastle. They were discharged from Bathurst on 19 December.43The brothers were admitted to the Vernon on 21 December 1868. The Vernon admissions and reports confirm that their mother was dead and that they had been deserted by their destitute pauper father and the children were alone.44 Mary Maria was recorded as ten years old when she was admitted to Newcastle on 24 December 1868.45 The Entrance Book records that she was a Protestant and that she could neither read nor write. Neither of her parents were named but her father was described as destitute.46 In a letter to the Principal Under-secretary, CLARKE noted that Mary Maria’s entry brought the school’s enrolment to 79 girls.47 Mary transferred to Biloela in May 1871 and was listed as eligible for service by LUCAS as Maria SPALDING in his letter to the Colonial Secretary on 23 June 1871.48 LUCAS subsequently requested authority to apprentice Maria to Robert John CAMPBELL, the Government Surveyor, at Cooma. He reported that she was conducting herself well.49 Permission was granted and in his report on 15 April 1872, LUCAS indicated that Mary had been apprenticed on 9 April.50

One year later, Mary’s antics and those of her fellow apprentice, Caroline BLENHAM51, a Biloela inmate, together with 'the brother of one of them' were reported in the papers.52 This brother was Owen Horatio SPALDING, who was the eldest of Mary's siblings, who had also been apprenticed to CAMPBELL from the Vernon53 at CAMPBELL's request.54 The two girls were arrested by senior-constable CHURCH of Cooma police55 and the three apprentices appeared in Cooma Police Court in February 1873 after absconding from their apprenticeship with property belonging to CAMPBELL.56 They were ordered to be tried at the next Quarter Sessions.57 Maria SPALDING, appeared again at the Cooma court on 20 June 1873,58 charged with the larceny. Evidence was given that she had been a domestic in the employ of CAMPBELL for 'about fifteen months' and had

proved a most excellent servant, so good that Mrs. CAMPBELL applied for another from the same quarter, and Caroline BLENHEIM was sent up. Caroline proved as bad as Maria was good and one month after arrival both girls suddenly at an early hour in the morning decamped, taking with them sundry trinkets and £4 10s. in cash, abstracted from the drawers in Mrs. Campbell's room (and) a horse, saddle, and bridle, the property of a townsman.59

She pleaded not guilty to the larceny and was acquitted but was then charged with horse stealing and was found guilty and imprisoned. Goulburn gaol records indicate that eighteen year old Mary Maria was described as 'a Biloela girl' and a Protestant who could read and write. The record indicated that her place of birth in NSW was unknown. Darlinghurst records in 1873 confirm that Maria was a Protestant but indicate that she was seventeen and had been born in Sydney. It is unknown whether Mary Maria was ever returned to Biloela after this imprisonment but it seems likely that she was close to the age of eighteen and if proven, this age would have precluded a re-admission.

Mary Maria SPALDING married John BAILEY in Sydney in 1876. She died at 21 Hargraves Street, Paddington,60 on 25 October 1922.61 She was reported to have been sixty years of age but was actually closer to sixty-four. Only her father was named on the registration. Her death notice named her surviving children.


Mary’s parents were Samuel (X) SPALDING and Mary Ann (X) FINNEGAN who were married by the Roman Catholic minister of Singleton, John RIGNEY, on 4 June 1849. Only Mary Ann was Catholic and Samuel was shown on the record as an English Protestant. Samuel and Mary Ann both came from Peels River. The witnesses were Thomas (X) FITZPATRICK and Julia (X) FITZPATRICK of Killalea. The births registrations of each of the children of Samuel and Mary Ann SPALDING were registered in different parts of the state, strongly suggesting that the family moved around NSW possibly looking for work. Mary Maria’s birth was registered in Goulburn in 1858 as Mary M. SPAULDING.

Samuel had been transported aboard the Lord Lyndoch (3) in 1837.62

Mary Ann FINNEGAN had been born in Parramatta in 1833.63 Her parents on this record were documented as Owen FINIGAN and Catherine McKIVE aka McCABE who had married in 1832.64 Owen was almost certainly the transportee who had arrived aboard the Medina and Catherine had been transported aboard the Palambam.65 Mary Ann died in Young in 1866 and her father, Owen, was confirmed on the NSW BDM Index.

Mary Ann's death was the trigger for the admission of the SPALDING children into the Industrial Schools of NSW. Owen Horatio SPALDING was apprenticed from the Vernon to Cooma into the same service as his sister with Robert John CAMPBELL, the Government Surveyor. Based on Mary Maria's behaviour, CAMPBELL requested that Owen Horatio SPALDING as an apprentice from the Vernon to Cooma. There is no reference on either of their discharges that the siblings were together and no date on his indicating an apprenticeship date. Owen's records explain that he after absconding on 21 February 1873, he was readmitted to the Vernon on 18 May and was then apprenticed to Grafton. He was again returned to the Vernon in October 1875, for 'disobedience and ill-behaviour' and before this re-admission he appears in the Grafton gaol records at this time. He was probably released from the Vernon as he was suspected of a theft in Sydney in April 1876.66 Owen was living in the Coonabarrabran area where he died at the age of twenty. No information on the fate of the three year old George SPALDING can be located in the Vernon records and it seems likely that he would have been transferred to a different institution due to his extreme youth. He has not been located in the records of the Benevolent Asylum.

Updated September 2014

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