The STANTON Sisters
Name Variations STAUNTON, STAUTON1
Father John Richard STANTON b.c. 18232 m. 18543 d. 18774
Mother Elizabeth CAVANAGH or KAVANAGH b.c. 18305 m. 1854 d. 1892
Brother William T. STANTON b. 18516 m. 18767 Mary MUNN d. 19108
Sister Catherine aka Kate STANTON b. 18529 m. 187910 William George CLUBB11 d. 18851213
Brother James STANTON b. 185514 m. none - d. 185515
Inmate Elizabeth STANTON b. 185716 m. 1881 (see below) d. 190917
Inmate Mary STANTON b. 185918 m. 1878 (see below) d. aft. 1884
Inmate Johanna Elizabeth STANTON b. 186119 m. unknown (see below) d. aft. 1872
Inmate Caroline Mary STANTON b. 186420 m. unknown (see below) d. aft. 1882
Inmate Susannah STANTON b. 186721 m. 1886 (see below) d. aft. 1891
Sister Theresa STANTON b. 186922 m. unknown d. aft. 1874
Description
Relationship Name Age Height Hair Eyes Complexion Build Distinguishing features
Father John23  45 5' 4" fair blue fresh/fair stout anchor over the ball left thumb; J S on back of left hand; scar on forehead
Mother Elizabeth24 32 5' 5" dark brown dark stout
Inmate Mary25 25 medium fair fair slender dressed in black

The sisters Caroline, Mary, Susannah and Johanna STANTON were arrested in Maitland26 and appeared in the East Maitland police court on 10 June 1870, charged with vagrancy under the Industrial Schools Act.27 It was proved in court that their father was in Maitland gaol undergoing a sentence for petty larceny and that their mother was a drunkard. It was stated that the children were in the habit of wandering about the streets and were kept from starving by the charity of neighbours. Their mother, Elizabeth, appeared before the bench at the East Maitland police court the same day also charged with petty larceny.28 Neither of their brothers were arrested at this time and nor were their older and younger sisters, Catherine and Theresa respectively. The records for the sisters appear in the missing section of the Entrance Book so no confirmation of family, religion, discharge or educational achievement can be made from this source. The sisters were recorded as Catholics on the Biloela transfer lists.29 Their admission to Newcastle was recorded on LUCAS's April 1872 list and documented that they were admitted on the 11 June 1870, although there is some doubt about the actual arrival date of Elizabeth.30 In April 1871, shortly before the girls had been at the school for a year and shortly before the transfer to Biloela, John:

called at the Institution and asked to be allowed to take charge of his five (5) children who are now here, he states that he is in constant employment and is well able to support his Family and he says that the cause of his children being here was that his home was washed away by the Floods at Maitland in June last. The children has always conducted themselves well, and their ages are from 5 to 14 years, on reference to the warrant I find that at the time they were sent here in June last it is stated that the father was in gaol, and the mother was a drunkard.

John's petition was supported by the St Mary's Presbyterian minister, M. H. RYAN. An investigation of both John and Elizabeth resulted in this request being denied. An investigation in April 1871 was undertaken by the police who stated that:

If Stanton and his wife were sober people they would be well able to support their family, but since Stantons removal to Newcastle he has been working at the A. A. Cos Coal Mine at wages of 5/- per diem but he does not work regularly and has been twice in the lock-up once for assaulting his wife once for drunkenness he has also been suspended at the works for drunkenness I could not therefore recommend the release of the children at present.31

Because the girls were required to spend twelve months in the school, all five were transferred to Biloela on Cockatoo Island in May 1871.32

15451734338_6af99be93b_z.jpg

East Maitland Court House
Photograph Jane ISON, 2014

Family

The five sisters were the daughters of John Richard33 STANTON and his wife, Elizabeth (X) KAVANAGH or CAVANAGH who were married in St Mary's Catholic Church, Sydney, by John E. GOURBELLION on 16 February 1854.34 Both participants were from Tarban Creek and this location very strongly suggested that they had both been inmates of the asylum there. The witnesses to the marriage were Joseph Peter Benedict CASEY and Elizabeth DUNN who were both from Sydney. Births of all the children of John and Elizabeth were registered in Maitland however one daughter, Catherine, was baptised on 14 January 1855, by J. LYNCH of the Roman Catholic Church. In this record John and Catherine were both from Maitland.35 The likely 1851 baptism of William is still to be read.36 The family was living in a house at Horseshoe Bend, Maitland, on the Hunter River in 1859.37 John and Elizabeth often appeared in the courts of Newcastle and Maitland charged with drunkenness and other offences.

There are many descriptions of John STANTON or STAUNTON and all indicate that he had been born in England in about 1825. Some descriptions are more specific describing that his occupation was a sailor and that his place of birth was London.38 His ship of arrival is almost always recorded in gaol admissions as the Derwent in either 1848 or 1850.39 John's earliest gaol admission to Maitland in 1853 recorded his ship of arrival as the Moa.40 The closest arrival of the Derwent occurred on 2 October 1851, when this barque arrived in Port Jackson having left Wellington, New Zealand, on 17 August. It had travelled via Spring Bay, VDL, and carried seventeen unnamed crew.41 The descriptions and details of the man arriving on the Moa in 1851 and the man arriving on the Derwent in 1850 match exactly.42

John's birth details outlined on his gaol admissions were confirmed on Susannah's birth registration in 1867. Although he almost certainly arrived in Australia as a sailor, at the time of Susannah's birth he was recorded as a labourer. John's first identified appearance in court – and subsequently his first gaol admission – occurred in May 1853 here he described in the Maitland Mercury as previously having been imprisoned for being a ‘dangerous lunatic’ and who had recently been released from Maitland Hospital.43 He was admitted to Newcastle gaol charged with attempting to commit suicide and was suspected then of being a lunatic suffering from delerium tremens. Shortly after this incident John was transferred to Darlinghurst and from there he was assessed and admitted to Tarban Creek.44 This transfer confirmed the abode of Tarban Creek identified when he and Elizabeth married. It is believed that the couple had met in the mental hospital.

After their marriage John and Elizabeth returned to Maitland. John appeared in the Maitland courts for drunkenness in 1864.45 While a further incident occurred in the Sydney Central Police Court, it is believed that John was also the man, identified as a passenger travelling between NSW and New Zealand, who was charged with forging and uttering in July 1865.46 He was sentenced to three years with hard labour.47 That this was the same John STANTON is supported because this sentence resulted in a break of about three years from the date of this gaol admission and with subsequent appearances in the Maitland Courts. In light of the repeating links to New Zealand, it must be considered that John had some connection there.

The summary of John's court appearances and sentences occurring after the end of this three-year-term appeared with his photograph on the rap sheet compiled in March 1875 when he was imprisoned in Maitland.

Maitland PO 20 November 1868 assault 10 days imp.
Maitland PO 22 March 1869 stealing 1 month labor48
Maitland PO 27 May 1870 larceny 3 months imp.
Newcastle PO 22 April 1872 larceny 2 months labor49
Newcastle PO 22 May 1872 larceny 4 months labor
Newcastle PO 7 November 1872 vagrancy 4 months labor
Maitland PO 13 October 1873 drunk 24 hours imp. or 10/-
Maitland PO 12 January 1874 drunk 7 days imp. or 20/-
Newcastle PO 20 April 1874 drunk 9 days imp. or 20/-
Maitland PO 8 June 1874 stealing 6 months imp.
Maitland PO 15 December 1874 drunk 24 hours imp. or 5/-
Newcastle PO 9 January 1875 drunk 7 days imp. or 20/-
Maitland PO 18 February 1875 drunk 48 hours imp. or 10/-
Maitland PO 11 March 1875 drunk 48 hours imp. or 10/-
Maitland PO 15 March 1875 stealing 2 charges 6 months imp.

The court appearance on 20 November 1868, and sentence of ten days was for an assault on his wife, Elizabeth. John's surname in this account appeared as STAUNTON.50 John was also tried in Maitland and imprisoned for purchasing liquor after hours in 1869. The Maitland Mercury reported his trial and incorrectly identified him as William STANTON.51 The resulting letter of complaint from William STANTON and the apology from the Maitland Mercury appeared in the paper the following Saturday.52 John was tried in Newcastle on 24 April 1872, charged with the theft of two pairs of trousers, a Crimean shirt and, in a separate incident, a pair of Bulcher boots. He received a combined sentence of six months in Maitland gaol.53 The last court appearances yet located, where he was identified as either J. R. or John R. STANTON, occurred on 11 March 1875,54 and on 18 March 1875.55 John was sentenced to at least six months in Maitland gaol and after this no trace of him can be confirmed but all trace of him has disappeared from either the Maitland or Newcastle courts.

John was reported to have died by the time his daughters, Mary in 1878, and Kate on 9 April 1879,56 respectively. It may however, be that John had abandoned his family and this was just a statement made to explain his absence. When Kate died in 1885 John was referred to as the 'late J. R. STANTON.'57 The only death of a John STANTON or STAUNTON between 1875 and 1879 was registered in Queanbeyan in 1877. Newspapers reported that this John STANTON was seventy-years-old58 but details on the NSW BDM Index indicate that he was sixty-years-old and identify him as John STAUNTON, making this a more likely registration. This death is still unconfirmed and the registration has not been viewed.

It is not thought that the 1897 deposition for John STANTON in Newcastle, refers to this man or any member of his family59 as this man had been born in about 1871.60

Elizabeth had been born in Castle Town, Tipperary, in about 1832. This location and age was recorded on Susannah's birth registration in 1867. Maitland Gaol records from 1870 indicated that she had arrived in 1850 aboard the Irene and was thirty-two-year-old Catholic who could read and write.61 At the time of the arrival of the Irene Elizabeth was unable to read or write so had learned to do this between 1852 and 1867. The Irene had arrived in Sydney on 19 October 1852,62 and the indent recorded that Elizabeth was twenty-two.63 Her parents were identified as Charles and Catherine CAVANAGH.64 It is unknown how Elizabeth found herself in Tarban Creek but this was her abode in 1854 when she and John STANTON married. After many appearances in the Maitland courts, appearances for Elizabeth STANTON begin in the Newcastle courts. Elizabeth appeared in Newcastle Court on 9 May 1871, charged with destroying six panes of glass, the property of William COULTER.65 She was to pay a fine or be imprisoned for three days. She appeared in the Newcastle court for assault on 14 October 1873.66 Court appearances in the Newcastle area cease after this date and Elizabeth almost certainly had moved to Sydney by about 1874. Elizabeth's daughter, Theresa, was admitted to the Sydney Benevolent Asylum67 on 18 November 1874, at the age of six, and it is believed that Elizabeth was the woman who began to appear in the Sydney courts shortly after this date. Admissions to Darlinghurst for a woman of this name begin in about May 1877 and end about March 1881. She was almost certainly the woman discharged from Darlinghurst in March 187868 and as Elizabeth STAUNTON it is believed that she was charged with a theft with Alice LEBURN later that year.69 Only goal records will assist in identifying whether this is the mother, Elizabeth, the child, Elizabeth, or some other person and Darlinghurst descriptions for this period are usually very poor. No confirmation of Elizabeth can be found after August 188270 when she was released from Darlinghurst Gaol. If she remarried no marriage has been confirmed.

Elizabeth's older daughter, Catherine aka Kate, married in Sydney. Kate's descendants indicate that this Presbyterian marriage71 occurred at her residence, 7 Corfu Street, Woolloomooloo. Kate died at Llewellyn Street, Balmain and one of the witnesses at her death was William T. STANTON who was almost certainly her brother.72 William may have been the child baptised in 1851 whose parents were recorded as John and Eliza.73 This record is yet to be viewed. Kate's Funeral Notice contained the name of a brother-in-law named W. SIFURRAZ who has not yet been identified.74 This name does not appear on the NSW BDM Index. A. J. HUSK who was also mentioned married a CLUBB daughter. Another brother-in-law, William Charles MURRAY, also identified in Kate's Funeral Notice,75 was married to Jane CLUBB and also lived in 7 Corfu Street.76 This suggests that Kate may have been a domestic in this seemingly well-off family.

Caroline Mary STANTON

Husband unknown b. m. d.
Son William John STANTON b. 188177 m. d.

Caroline was born in Maitland on 29 May 1864.78 She was reported by LUCAS as 'In the Institution' in April 1872 after she had transferred to Biloela79 and she was recorded on the transfer lists as seven years of age.80 On 11 May 1876, Mr A. W. JACK wrote specifically requesting either Caroline or Ann SMITH as an apprentice. Selina WALKER, the Superintendent at the time replied stating that neither was available and that Caroline:

having been chosen some months age by James J. Taylor of the Col. Secretary's Office to whom she will be apprenticed in June on receiving the authority81

The apprenticeship to TAYLOR also seems not to have gone ahead as on 7 July 1876, Caroline was apprenticed to Mr J. A. KEY of Singleton for six years. She was to be paid a shilling a week for the first two years, two shillings a week for years three and four and three shillings a week for the final two years.82 The Discharge Register erroneously clarified that Caroline had been apprenticed Mr. J. A. KERR of Singleton for six years on 21 July 1876.83 Her master was almost certainly J. A. KEY who advertised frequently in the Singleton Argus.84 Nothing was recorded beside Caroline's name in the Discharge Register to indicate whether she completed this apprenticeship.

Where has She Gone?

Five years after commencing her apprenticeship and at the age of seventeen, Caroline may have appeared in the admissions to the Benevolent Asylum as Caroline STAUNTON. This woman entered the asylum on 8 December 1881. Her illegitimate son, William John STANTON was born on 31 January 1881, and was discharged with her at the age of five weeks on 23 February 1882.85 Only the birth registration for William would contain any evidence that this is the same woman who was born in Maitland.

No further trace of Caroline has been confirmed in NSW or Queensland. No connection or reference has been found for her in the newspapers in Sydney or gaol records and it is very likely that she assumed the surname of the man with whom she eventually married and settled down.

Elizabeth Mary STANTON

Husband Joseph TATTERSALL b. 183986 m. none d. 188887
Daughter Ethel Mary TATTERSALL b. 188288 m. d. 196289
Daughter Mary Ann TATTERSALL b. 188490 m. 190791 Albert James DREW d. 196292
Son Joseph TATTERSALL b. 188693 m. d.

Elizabeth was born in Maitland on 6 March 1857.94 She was described as 'a young girl', when she appeared before the East Maitland court charged with vagrancy on 14 November, three days after her sisters were admitted to Newcastle. She had been arrested by constable McGUIRE who had apprehended her in the street. His evidence was that she had been found wandering about West Maitland, that she had no means of support, lived upon the bounty of neighbours, that her mother and father were habitual drunkards, and that her father was now in gaol undergoing a sentence for larceny. Elizabeth was sent to Newcastle.95 She appeared on the April 1872 list copied from the original record by LUCAS as having been admitted on the same day as her younger siblings.96 This is believed to have been an error made by LUCAS at the time of the transcription.97 Elizabeth transferred to Biloela and was listed by LUCAS in a letter to the Colonial Secretary on 23 June 1871, as eligible for service.98 On 23 June 1872, LUCAS, applied to the Colonial Secretary to apprentice 14-year-old Elizabeth to James Baron WINSHIP, the Manager of the Australian Agricultural Company Mines, Newcastle, for four years at the rate of three shillings a week for the first year and increasing by one shilling a year for each of the four years. By 18 July, less than a month later, Elizabeth and WINSHIP had agreed to cancel the indentures due to Elizabeth having run away. She stated that this was due to Mrs WINSHIP beating her. She appeared before the Petty Sessions and the apprenticeship was cancelled but after hearing both cases, the charge of assault against Mrs WINSHIP was dismissed. Helenus SCOTT, the Police Magistrate, suggested that it would be appropriate to 'enter the service of a respectable person if it is not imperative for the girl to return to Baloela.'99 LUCAS's list from April 1872, is very difficult to read but it is believed that it indicated the first apprenticeship for Elizabeth on 31 July 1871, to J. B. M?HOU???, Esq.100 and this was confirmed in his report on 7 August 1871.101 The correspondence for Elizabeth indicated that she had gone into service with Mr George AYLIFFE, the uncle of Mary ANN AYLIFFE.102 There was no response in the correspondence concerning whether this employment was acceptable to the government and this question was asked. No further correspondence for Elizabeth has been identified in the CSIL.

Online records indicate that Elizabeth STANTON, whose parents were John and Eliza, married Joseph TATTERSALL in Newcastle on 14 April 1881, and two children were subsequently born. This marriage was not registered and has not yet been found in Newcastle records. This is clearly a case where only descendants are able to trace an ancestor who has disappeared. They have used records hidden in the NSW BDM Index under names not easily associated with their ancestor. Joseph almost certainly was killed in a railway accent south of Sydney on 10 March 1888.103 He was described as a highly respected sub-contractor who left a wife and family.

Elizabeth may have appeared in the Sydney courts during the 1870s in a series of trials but gaol records are not sufficiently detailed to ascertain whether these records refer to her or her mother or some other woman. Elizabeth died of suffocation in a fire in Sydney at the age reported by the coroner of 55104 on 17 October 1909.

A fire occurred at an early hour on Sunday morning at Milton House, a large boarding establishment off Hayes-street, Neutral Bay. The North Sydney Fire Brigade were soon on the scene, and succeeded in extinguishing the flames. It was then that the firemen made the shocking discovery of the charred remains of a woman, Elizabeth [aka Lizzy] Stanton, under a heap of burned flock and bedding in a room at the rear of the house. The remains were hardly recognisable. The main part of the building consists of two floors, occupied by a large number of lodgers. At the rear is a one-storied apartment, used as a laundry and as servants' quarters, and it was here that the fire originated. Miss Stanton was about 45 [sic] years of age, and had been employed as laundress at the boarding-house for the past three years.105

22728039024_ff26fc3671_z.jpg

Craignathan, Neutral Bay [c. 1880]
Courtesy of State Library of NSW: Call No. SPF/379

The fire was believed to have begun in Elizabeth's room and she had been overcome before she could escape. The inquest reported that there was no evidence of intemperance.106 Elizabeth's correct parents were identified on the death registration on NSW BDM Index. The reports of the coroner in the Sydney newspapers indicated that the house, known variously as Milton House or Craignathan, was owned by Leonard DODDS but that the occupier was Mrs J. FOX.107 There is very little doubt that Mrs J. FOX was Mary WINDSOR who had almost certainly employed a woman who was also a former inmate of the Newcastle school. Elizabeth was buried in the Catholic Cemetery at Rookwood on Tuesday, 19 October.108 There has been no indication yet found of who paid for her funeral nor who cared for her children.

Johanna Eleanor STANTON

Johanna was born on 6 September 1861 in Maitland.109 She transferred to Biloela in May 1871 and was recorded by LUCAS in his April 1872 list as 'In the Institution.'110 On 8 October 1873, LUCAS wrote to the Colonial Secretary to apprentice Johanna to Mr Henry HARTLEY of Balbury near Goulburn. She was recorded as twelve-years-old and he stated that she had been conducting herself well. Johanna was to be paid a shilling a week for the first two years, two shillings a week for the third and fourth year and three shillings a week for the final two years of her apprenticeship111 which would end in October 1879. The apprenticeship was approved and LUCAS confirmed her discharge from Biloela in his report of 3 November 1873.112 This letter did indicate that a further variation of the surname of the sisters was STAUTON.

Where has She Gone?

No trace of Johanna has been found in NSW after she left Biloela. She may have adopted the surname of the man with whom she eventually settled.

Mary STANTON

Husband James FERGUSON b. m. 1878113 d. 1892114
Daughter Emma Crosby Fergusina FERGUSON b. 1879115 m. none - d. 1893116

Mary was born in Maitland on 9 December 1858,117 and was admitted to the school at Newcastle with her sisters in June 1870. After being in Newcastle for six months, Mary and her sisters transferred to Biloela on Cockatoo Island and she was identified as eligible for service by LUCAS in his letter to the Colonial Secretary on 23 June 1871.118 In his April 1872 list LUCAS indicated that Mary had been apprenticed to Sergeant CLEARY on 26 December 1871.119 Her apprenticeship was confirmed in LUCAS's report dated 2 January 1872.120

As Mary STAUNTON she almost certainly married James FERGUSON on 24 April 1878,121 but the original registration has not been viewed. The Marriage Notice stated that he was the youngest son of the Rev. Fergus FERGUSON and that Mary was the daughter of the late John STAUNTON, who was a storekeeper at West Maitland. There is no evidence that John STAUNTON was ever a storekeeper but this does agree with the occupation recorded at the time that Mary's sister, Catherine, married. This notice also located her father in the correct area and was supported by the statement of her sister, Kate, made the following year that identified that John was dead. The birth announcement for their daughter in the SMH on 6 April 1879, indicated that the family lived at 4 St Neot's Terrace, Redfern.122 No further children were recorded for the couple and Mary's marriage appeared to have been very unsettled. On 28 October 1880, James placed an advertisement in the SMH stating:

AFTER this date I will not be responsible for any DEBTS contracted by my WIFE, Mary Ferguson, who has left her home without any reasonable cause.
JAMES FERGUSON. Elizabeth-street Sydney.

Two years later Mary FERGUSON was listed as a missing friend in the Police Gazette of 1884.

Missing from No. 55, Stewart Street, Paddington, since the 6th Ultimo (May), Mary Ferguson, 25 years of age, medium height, slender build, fair hair and complexion; dressed in black. Information to James Ferguson, No. 148, Clarence-street, Sydney.123

This age matches that of the Mary STANTON who was admitted to Newcastle and this advertisement is thought to refer to her. Her abode doesn't match the residence of James FERGUSON so it is likely that the couple were living separately. They had one recorded child, Mary Crosby Fergusina FERGUSON, who died in April 1893124 at the age of fourteen. Her Death Notice indicated that her father had died so it is almost certain that James FERGUSON died on 10 January 1892.125 No Funeral Notice has been located for James and his parents were recorded as unknown on the NSW BDM Index.

Where has She Gone?

No appropriate death can be found for Mary in NSW or Queensland and it is very likely that the couple had not been living together for some time – probably not since 1880. Mary may never have remarried, choosing to adopt the surname of the man with whom she eventually settled and without this information she is impossible to locate. It is possible that she remarried William Doncaster BULL in Petersham in 1902. The couple were possibly at 39 McKenzie Street, Leichardt, where William was a bricklayer.

Susannah STANTON

Husband George S. WILLIAMS b. m. 1886126 d.
Son George S. WILLIAMS b. 1890127 m. d.
Daughter Pauline M. WILLIAMS b. 1891128 m. d.

Susannah's birth was registered in Maitland. She was born in 1 January 1867.129 The STANTON family was living in James Street, West Maitland, at this time. After being admitted to the school in June 1870, at the age of about three, Susannah transferred to Biloela in May 1871. She was recorded by LUCAS in his April 1872 list as 'In the Institution.'130 On 19 June 1878, she was apprenticed to Mr R. DOWNES, a pharmaceutical chemist, of Orange and of 333 Pitt Street, Sydney. The apprenticeship was for six years and Susannah was to be paid a shilling a week for the first two years, two shillings a week for the third and fourth year and three shillings a week for the final two years. WALKER reported that Susannah had been conducting herself favourably.131 WALKER confirmed this apprenticeship in her report written after Susannah's discharge on 19 June 1878.132 These indentures were cancelled and Susannah was returned to Biloela.133 No date for this cancellation or return has been located. Nearly a year later, on 1 May 1879, Susannah was again apprenticed, this time to Mr P. J. HOURIGAN of Victoria Street, Sydney, for five years and two months.134 The Biloela Discharge Book indicated that she returned to the school on 11 September 1880 after these indentures were cancelled. Susannah was next apprenticed for six months on 19 December 1883, to Percy R. SMYTHE of Balmain and this entry beside her name noteed that she ‘completed apprenticeship well – since married.’135

It is almost entirely certain that, based on this statement, Susannah married George S. WILLIAMS in Sydney in 1886. The couple moved to Bathurst where the birth of a son was registered. No further trace of Susannah or George or their family has yet been confirmed in NSW after 1886.

The death of a George S. WILLIAMS whose parents were Vincent and Annie was registered in Sydney in 1892136 but online trees suggest that this man was the husband on Susannah McCARTHY and had married in 1889. He died at Sea aboard ship SS Rosedale off Nambucca Heads, NSW.137 This marriage strongly suggests that the birth of Pauline WILLIAMS is a child of this couple. Her birth was almost certainly registered at Bellingen in 1891.

Where has She Gone?

Could this be her? Unlikely as an In Memoriam suggests that the daughter was named Nellie – but could this have been a pet name? There is no death registered in NSW but it may be registered in Victoria as the accident occurred near Albury.138
Possible deaths:
13582/1893; Susannah WILLIAMS (F: John; M: u/k) reg. St Leonards
5702/1899; Susannah WILLIAMS (F: John; M: u/k) died Newington

Updated November 2015

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