Eliza WALKER (2)
Name Variations Elizabeth1
Father Thomas WALKER b.c. 18312 m. 18563 d. 19164
Mother Sarah Elizabeth GARNSEY b. 18415 m. 1856 d. 18986
Brother Thomas George WALKER b. 18597 m. d. 18828
Sister Esther Harriett WALKER9 b.c. 1860 m. d. bef. 1916
Inmate Eliza aka Elizabeth Matilda WALKER b.c. 186210 m. (see below) d. 196211
Brother Robert Josiah WALKER b. 186312 m. d. 193413
Brother William Charles WALKER b. 186514 m. d. 191915
Brother John James WALKER b. 186716 m. d. 1926
Brother George Edward WALKER17 b. 187018 m. 189319 Sarah Jane GREEN d. 193820
Sister Emma Sarah WALKER b. 187221 m. (1) 189522 (2) 190223 (1) Henry A. PENGELLY (2) William J. CRAWFORD d. 194024
Sister Mary Louise WALKER b. 187525 m. d. 190026
Sister Eva Maria WALKER b. 187727 m. none - d. 189028
Brother Charles Thomas WALKER b.c. 1883 m. Ruth Ellen STOKES d. 194129
Husband George Thomas William LEE b. 186830 m. 189331 d. 191132
Daughter Vera A. LEE b. 189433 m. none - d. 189534
Son Cecil George T. LEE b. 189535 m. 191836 Hilda M. WALKER d. 191937
Son Claude Henry Allan LEE b. 189838 m. d. 195139
Daughter Hazel Pearl Elizabeth LEE b. 190140 m. 194141 Oscar HARVEY d. 199242
Relationship Name Age Height Hair Eyes Complexion Build Distinguishing features
Inmate Eliza43 31 5' 3" or 4" fair medium rather red face; dressed in black

Note: Two girls named either Eliza or Elizabeth WALKER appear on the online Child Welfare index on SRNSW.44 These inmates of Biloela and Randwick respectively are different girls to the Eliza WALKER who was admitted to Newcastle. On 30 May 1877, two months before this Eliza WALKER was returned to Cockatoo Island from her apprenticeship, another girl named Eliza WALKER was admitted to Biloela. This second admission was a girl aged eleven so was younger than the Newcastle admission. Her father was dead but her mother and stepfather were alive. She remained on the island for a year before being apprenticed for six years on 17 July 1878. Another girl named Elizabeth aka Tina WALKER was admitted to the Randwick Asylum in 1867 and was apprenticed from there to Mudgee in 1874 so cannot be the Newcastle inmate, as this apprenticeship was after the admission of the girl to Newcastle.

Eliza was arrested by sergeant MERRIN of Carcoar Police about 21 September 1870, on a warrant under the Industrial Schools Act. She was charged with having no visible, lawful means of support.45 Eliza was admitted to Newcastle four days later, on 25 September, but because her name would have appeared in the missing section of the Entrance Book, her admission details are lost therefore her trial location, family, religion, education and discharge particulars cannot be confirmed from this source. Although she had been arrested in the Carcoar police district, no specific location of the court where she was tried has yet been identified. Eliza transferred to Biloela in May 1871 and was recorded as 'In the Institution' on the April 1872 list compiled by LUCAS. The Biloela transfer lists classified her with the girls who were under the age of ten, confirmed her age of eight and indicated that she was a Catholic.46

In early December 1874, a request was made by William BALLARD of College Street, Hyde Park, for an apprentice. The acting-superintendent, DALE, selected Eliza and negotiated apprenticeship payments for her of one shilling a week for the first two years, two shillings a week for the third and fourth years and five shillings a week for the final two years of a six year apprenticeship. He confirmed that Eliza had initially been admitted to Newcastle and that she was twelve years old. The Colonial Secretary questioned whether a Sydney rather than a country girl might be available to take up the apprenticeship as a country girl would have no 'Sydney associates'47 but regardless of this concern for Eliza's welfare, she was apprenticed to BALLARD on 4 January 1875.48 On 16 July 1877, Selina WALKER, the new Superintendent, reported that on 11 July, Elizabeth WALKER was returned to the school after absconding from her apprenticeship with Mr. W. BALLARD whose address was now the North Shore.49 Elizabeth was ultimately returned to BALLARD from the school to complete her apprenticeship on 18 July 1877.50 No further references to Eliza or Elizabeth WALKER appear in the CSIL Index so presumably Eliza completed her apprenticeship by about 1881. Because she had worked happily with BALLARD for two years prior to her having absconded, it is considered likely that she completed the apprenticeship without any further incidents occurring although no proof of this has been located.


No family has been confirmed for Eliza. The family outlined below is only a tentative relationship and has as yet no evidence to support it other than the approximate location and the approximate age of the admission. A newspaper report detailing the location of Eliza's trial and the circumstances of her arrest may shed more light on her family and their whereabouts but no report has yet been identified.

Because Carcoar referred to her place of arrest and it was a large police district, it is considered possible that Eliza was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah Elizabeth WALKER whose birth was registered as Eliza M. WALKER51 at Hartley. Hartley is relatively close to the town of Carcoar and would be in the Carcoar police district. The NSW BDM Index indicated Thomas and Sarah Elizabeth remained within this area so these parents have been tentatively attributed to Eliza. It may be that Eliza may have been connected to the Thomas George WALKER who was arrested and charged with monomania.52

The family of Thomas and Sarah Elizabeth have been identified using online sources and references have been located wherever possible but information provided in some trees has not been able to be verified. Thomas was the son of George WALKER who had been transported aboard the Speke (3) and Bridget TROY who had been transported aboard the Hooghley (3). Bridget had had two other permissions to marry granted in 1832 and 1836 respectively, before her marriage to WALKER, although only one marriage record has been located. The marriage between George (X) WALKER and Bridget (X) TROYS was recorded in the register of St John's, Parramatta, and occurred on 9 April 1837. Both participants were residents of the parish of Mulgoa.53 It is uncertain how long the marriage lasted and how many children were born to the couple. Bridget was imprisoned in Parramatta gaol in 184054 but may possibly have been with George in 1841 where she was very possibly the only Catholic in the household. George was recorded with children in 1841 but it is not possible to identify how many he and Bridget had had as only four boys and one girl were recorded as having been born in the colony. All those on the census were recorded as having arrived free although this notation was not unusual as it was a common practice to hide a convict past.55 Family researchers attribute the alias of Catherine to Bridget. George WALKER died in 1886 in Parramatta but family researchers have been unable to identify the death of Bridget aka Catherine. Could she potentially be Eliza's grandmother, 'Mrs ANDREWS' who was thought to have been caring for Eliza around the time of her arrest?

Sarah Elizabeth GARNSEY was identified as the daughter of Eliza Susannah FULLOON and Josiah Brian Hillyard GARNSEY.56 The death of Eliza Susannah appears to have been registered as Eliza S. McKILLOP in Dubbo in 1883 at the age of 64 but this death has not been confirmed. The date has been taken from online trees that have provided no reference. No marriage to anyone named McKILLOP has been located. Could this woman also have been 'Mrs ANDREWS'?

Thomas WALKER died at the age of 8557 in Dubbo in May 1916. His parents recorded on the NSW BDM Index were confirmed as George and Sarah and his surviving children, including Eliza, were named in his obituary.

On Saturday afternoon the Grim Reaper claimed another victim in the person of Mr. Thomas Walker, an old and respected resident of Dubbo for a great number of years. The demise took place at the Dubbo District Hospital, and the cause of death was senile decay and debility. The old gentleman, who was 79 years of age, was one of the early pioneers. Latterly he had lived at Gilgandra with his son William, but came to Dubbo recently and entered the hospital. He was a native of Hartley, where his family resided in the early days of the Colony. His wife predeceased him by about 17 years. He leaves a family of two daughters and five sons to mourn the loss of a loving parent. The daughters are Mesdames Lee and Crawford, (of Penshurst, near Sydney), and the sons Robert (Newcastle), William (Gilgandra), John (Nymagee), George (Gregory and Co.'s, Dubbo), and Charles (Narrandera). The remains were interred in the Church of England portion of the general cemetery on Sunday afternoon, the Rev. L. Dawson Thomas reading the burial service. Mr. J. E. Tighe had charge of the funeral arrangements. The cortege was a large and representative one.58

While Thomas was buried in the Church of England section of the cemetery, this does not negate this being Eliza's family as it was still possible for the children of the family to have been raised as Catholic if Sarah was also a Catholic. Thomas's recorded death age of 85 was either wrong or calls his stated ancestry into question as his death age places his year of birth as 1831, the year of arrival of Bridget TROY so one or both his parents recorded at the time of his death could very well be incorrect.

Where has She Gone?

Although it is thought that she married as Eliza, it is unknown whether Eliza used her given name at the time of her arrest or adopted the more formal name, Elizabeth, that was attributed to her in the Biloela records during 1877. This later consideration is considered most likely especially as Eliza's suspected mother also had the name Elizabeth as part of her name. The obituary59 of the man strongly suspected of being the Newcastle admission's father, Thomas WALKER, confirmed that his daughter had married George Thomas William LEE in Sydney in 1893 at the age of 32 which must be considered quite an old age to marry and may indicate that Sarah continued to work in service until her marriage. While it is not confirmation, the history of the WALKER family outlined by online researchers is consistent with a typical Newcastle admission. It is also considered likely that the Eliza WALKER, born in about 1861, who disobeyed a summons for obscene language in January 1887 in Sydney is this same girl and this event has been tentatively attributed to her.60 Elizabeth was arrested, fined or sentenced to gaol61 but no gaol record for 1887 which included a description and place of birth has yet been located.

Eliza and George LEE had four children and settled in Sydney although their first child was born in Dubbo. George died in 1911 but Eliza lived until 1962. She died on 4 February 1862, and the death was registered at North Sydney.62 Her parents were confirmed on her death registration. No obituary for Elizabeth has yet been located.

The following missing person advertisements appeared during September and November 1879 and may possibly refer to Eliza. The reports describe a girl who appeared to have been separated from her family at about the time and in the same general area of the arrest of the Newcastle admission. George WALKER was believed to indicate Eliza's brother known as Thomas George WALKER who was potentially known as George and 'Mrs ANDREWS' was identified as Eliza's grandmother. The advertisements are unconfirmed but this Eliza WALKER has been unable to be eliminated and the records cannot refer to the girl who was apprenticed from the Randwick Asylum in 1874.

MISS ELIZA WALKER, last heard of at Rockley, please communicate with your Brother, GEORGE WALKER, Richmond-road, Clarendon. Anxious. Care of JOSEPH COOK, Richmond-road, Clarendon.63


MISS ELIZA WALKER, last heard of in 1868, living with her grandmother, Mrs. Andrews,64 on Mr. Lawson's station, Mudgee. Any information kindly received by her anxious brother, GEORGE WALKER, care of Joseph Cook, Richmond Road, near Windsor.65

No appropriate marriages for a WALKER to an ANDREWS can be found in the NSW BDM Index between 1850 and 1868.

Contact from the descendants of Eliza WALKER and George LEE or the researchers of the family of Thomas WALKER and Sarah Elizabeth GARNSEY for their feedback on my assumptions would be appreciated. The more investigation of this family that occurs, the less likely that they are the family of the Newcastle admission appears as the religions of the family of George WALKER and the Newcastle admission don't match but if Eliza did go and live with her grandmother and if that woman was Bridget TROY, it is known that she retained her Catholic religion66 so it is still possible.

All other references to an Elizabeth or Eliza WALKER located in Darlinghurst Gaol records or the Police Gazette refer to another woman of this name who had been born in NSW in about 1843.

Updated March 2016

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